Kutná Hora

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Kutná Hora is a small town in Central Bohemia located east of Prague.in the Czech Republic. Kutná Hora was once the second most important town in Bohemia.It  was a medieval mining town and once the second most populous Czech city after Prague.
Even though Kutná Hora has a slightly gray, modern architecture, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995 due to the historic city center, including the Church of St. Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady in Sedlec. There are beautiful buildings on both ends of the city, and the higher parts of the city have restored older architecture with medieval, gothic, renaissance and baroque buildings.

Access : Coordinates:49.948333, 15.268333 / The most convenient way to get to Kutná Hora is from Prague by bus / By train : There are three stations within the city: Kutná Hora-main and, on the branch, Kutná Hora-Sedlec and Kutná Hora město. The last station is the closest to the historical part of the city. / By car :
Kutná Hora is situated on the road 38 Kolin-Havlíčkův Brod and No. 2 Prague-Pardubice.

Highlights :

  •  The historic center of Kutná Hora was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1995, highlighting the Church of Santa Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady in Sedlec.
  •  mining museum : (April-October Tuesday-Sunday 9.00 / 10.00-17.00 / 18.00). Here you can visit several medieval mines discovered under the ancient fortress in the 1960s.
  •  Stone House (Kamenný dům) – an old building in Kutná Hora. It was built at the turn of the 14-15th centuries for major silver miners. Now it houses one of the expositions of the Czech Silver Museum.
  •  “kostnice” – an amazing underground crypt (daily April-September 8.00-18.00; October-March 9.00-12.00 and 13.00-16.00 / 17.00), where in the 19th century more than forty thousand skeletons and bones were turned by František Rint in sculptures and decorations.
  •  The Sedleck ossuary is an ossuary in the cemetery in the Sedletz district. In 1278 Heinrich, the abbot of Sedletz, was sent to the Holy Land.
  •  The plague (Marian) pillar (mariánský sloup) is a column in the city of Kutná Hora, built in gratitude to the deliverance of the city from the plague. The pedestal of the column is decorated with statues of miners and St. Jacob.
  •  St. Barbara Cathedral : Work on the building began around 1380 under the direction of Peter Parler, whose second major work was the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle. The eye-catching church towers are very magnificent! If you are interested in Bohemian-Gothic architecture, the cathedral is the most interesting building of its kind, next to St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.
  •  Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary : describes itself as the oldest cathedral in Europe and dates from 1320. It was rebuilt in 1709 in the Baroque-Gothic style. Price: 50 Kč, reduced 30 Kč. Unesco World Heritage Sites in Europe .
  •  Welscher Hof : The Welsche Hof was rightly called the “jewel” of the crown of the Bohemian rulers, and it has lost none of its charm and charm to this day. The Welsche Hof once housed the Royal Mint and the Royal Palace, a national cultural monument of pan-European importance with a thousand-year history.
  •  Hrad Hrádek Castle is a small Gothic castle. Built at the beginning of the 15th century on the site of the old wooden fortress by Wenceslas. It was damaged during the Hussite wars.
  •  The silver mines abandoned in 1620. Guided tours of the accessible parts are offered every day except Mondays (normally the rest day for sights in the Czech Republic). The mines are closed in winter from November to March.
  •  Vlašský dvůr Castle is a castle in Kutná Hora, founded in 1300 by King Wenceslas II. The main purpose is the central royal mint. At the turn of the 14-15th centuries, it was rebuilt by Wenceslas IV into a two-storey palace with a tower and a chapel. In the 19th century it was rebuilt in a neo-gothic style.
  •  Kamenná kašna : is a massive stone fountain in a small square. It was built by Matěj Rejsek at the end of the 15th century. One of the symbols of the city.
  •  The Chapel of All Saints or Kostnice (Kostnice v Sedlci) is the main attraction of Kutná Hora, a unique Gothic church, the interior of which is decorated with human skulls and bones.It is estimated that about 40,000 skeletons were used to decorate the chapel.
  •  Church of St. Jacob (kostel sv. Jakuba) – Gothic church of the second half of the 14th century. During the Renaissance it acquired some baroque features.

Activities : sightseeing / photo opportunities / Hrádek. The Czech Silver Museum. Sightseeing tours of the mines start here.

Go next : Kolín, 13 km to the north-west, trunk road 38. City on the Elbe with a listed historic center.

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