Bohemia is a historical district in the western and central part of the modern Czech Republic . After the demise of the Great Moravian Empire (~ 907), Bohemia became the political center of the Czech-Moravian-Silesian area. After 1019 (or 1029) they were permanently connected with Moravia, then Silesia, both Lusatia and later also the Czech Palatinate and Brandenburg were added. Charles IV. scelil April 7, 1348 these territories into a new quality unit: the land of the Czech Crown.
Bohemia joined Moravia and Slovakia forming the Republic of Czechoslovakia in 1919. In January 1993 he joined the new Czech Republic.
since the administrative reforms of Maria Theresa in 1749, the Czech Crown has ceased to exist in practice, and the ties between its countries have been weakened by strengthening the influence of the Vienna center of the Habsburg Empire.
Todat It belongs to the most popular tourist destinations in the whole of Czech Republic.
- Central Bohemia with the capital city of Prague ,The metropolitan centre of the Czech Republic , Magnificent castles and palaces, river valleys, mining museums, silver mines characterize the region.
- Northern Bohemia with the Bohemian Switzerland National Park and the largest natural sandstone bridge in Europe, the Prebischtor, North Bohemia offers breathtaking sceneries (Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Ceske Stredohori, Bohemian Paradise), where Elbe river flatland meets mountains and creates amazing rock structures, picturesque historic towns as well as some of the best castlesa ad cahteaus in the country.
- Eastern Bohemia The capital of East Bohemia is Pardubice , with the Krkonose National Park and its summit Schneekoppe, Litomysl, with its UNESCO designated castle , The Pardubice area is rich with historic monuments, such as the Gothic-Renaissance chateau and historic centre of the town of Pardubice and the Kuneticka Hora Castle.
- South Bohemia with the Sumava National Park in the Bohemian Forest , Ceske Budejovice – Budweis , attractive large city in South Bohemia , beautiful old town Cesky Krumlov , the unique village of Holasovice close to Ceske Budejovice, in 1998 listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.
- Western Bohemia with the spa triangle Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne and Frantiskovy Lazne, as well as Pilsen Region , Bohemian Ore Mountains – the Bohemian part of the Ore Mountains extends along the German-Czech border from the Elstergebirge in the southwest to Bohemian Switzerland in the northeast.Northern Bohemian ForestNature :
– More or less the whole territory of Bohemia falls into the Elbe basin and the North Sea. However, the longest Czech river is not the Elbe River, but the Vltava River (430 km the Elbe River has 364 km in the Czech Republic, including 255 km from its source to the confluence with the Vltava River). Other important rivers include Berounka, Otava, Malse, Luznice, Sazava (partly in Moravia), Upa, Orlice, Jizera and Ohre (partly in Germany and Bavaria respectively).
The largest lake is the Black Lake in the Bohemian Forest.
– Top ten cities by population : Prague – the capital , Plzen , Liberec , Usti nad Labem , Ceske Budejovice , Hradec Kralove , Pardubice , Kladno , Most ,Karlovy Vary ,
highlights from the Bohemia area :
- The Snezka, Sněžka is the highest point in the Giant Mountains, which is also part of the Sudeten mountain range. With 1,603 meters above sea level, it is the highest peak in the Czech Republic, and is divided between the territory of that country and its northern neighbor, Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship).
- The Prague Castle , Prague Castle is an architectural complex located in Prague, capital of the Czech Republic.is one of the most iconic and emblematic vestiges of the great historical, cultural and social past of the city
- The Karlstein Castle – Hrad Karlstejn , 30 km southwest of Prague, highly Gothic castle, which was founded in 1348 by Emperor Charles IV and created as a treasury of imperial jewels of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation and the vast relics collection.
- Spa town Mariánské Lázně with The cast-iron colonnade and the 100 mineral springs – tapped 53 of them with high carbon dioxide content and often also higher iron content. Marianske Lazne was very popular in the late nineteenth century to gain a reputation as a luxurious spa . Among them are the writers Kafka, Mark Twain and Ibsen, the German philosopher Nietze, Sigmund Freud, King Edward VII of England, or the composers Mahler and Johan Strauss.
- Pravčická brána -The Prebischtor, The slender rock formation is the largest natural sandstone rock bridge in Europe. With a span of 26.5, a clear height of 16, a maximum width of 8 and an arched arch thickness of 3 meters, it is one of the most outstanding natural monuments of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains.
- The fairy-tale castle Hluboka near Budweis. is a pseudo-Gothic style building in southern Bohemia. It is located in the town of Hluboka nad Vltava, 140 km south of Prague.
- bohemian-paradise , is a region and a protected landscape area about 90 kilometers north-east of Prague. It belongs to the most popular tourist destinations in the whole of Czechia
- Čertovka , The Čertovka is a picturesque channel on the western side of the Vltava river in Prague. The name can be translated as the Devil‘s Stream or Devil‘s Channel
- Červená Lhota , A picturesque Renaissance chateau in the village of the same name in southern Bohemia, near the town of Jindřichův Hradec.
- České Budějovice – Budweis , the largest city in southern Bohemia and city that is well known worldwide for its Budweiser beer, and is also a university town and the seat of the diocese of Budweis.
- Český Krumlov , the historic core of Český Krumlov in southern Bohemia , and after Prague Czechia’s second most visited tourist attraction.
- Házmburk , is a ruin of a Gothic castle near the village of Klapý, 3.5 kilometers northwest of the town of Libochovice in the district of Litoměřice.
Okoř Castle, Okor is the ruins of the castle, which is located in the western part of the village of the same name, about 15 km northwest of the center of Prague. in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
- Kutná Hora is a small town in Central Bohemia located east of Prague.in the Czech Republic.
- Adršpach Rocks is the most visited rock town in the Czech Republic. It attracts visitors with its fairytale charm and an inexhaustible number of rock formations.
- Loket : A picturesque Medieval town in Okres Sokolov, Karlovarský kraj – western Bohemia in the Czech Republic.
- Zvíkov Castle is a castle in the district of Písek, in the region of South Bohemia.
Go next : Bohemian-Moravian Highlands / North Moravia and Silesia / North Moravia / South Moravia.